RISK MANAGEMENT

Type of Principal Mining Hazards

  • Ground Control Management
  • Inundation and Inrush
  • Surface and Underground Mobile Equipment
  • Surface and Underground Fires
  • Explosive Management
  • Surface and Underground Atmospheric Contaminants
  • Electrical and Isolation
  • Safe Working at Height
  • Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials
  • Confined Spaces

PRINCIPAL MINING HAZARDS

Principal Mining Hazards (also known as Critical Mining Hazards) are any activity, procedure, plant, structure, process, substance, situation or other circumstance that could result in multiple fatalities over time or pose a serious risk to health and safety to employees.

Principal Mining Hazards are singled out for special consideration because they have specific relevance to mining activities. They also have the potential to cause an incident with very serious consequences if not adequately controlled, even though the likelihood of it happening may be low.

As the risks associated with Principal Mining Hazards are not always obvious, they should be managed in a systematic way. They must also be assessed both separately and in combination in case there are interactions flowing from one to the other.

MANAGEMENT PLAN

A Principal Mining Hazard Management Plan assists the Manager of the mine to manage all aspects of the risk control measures that are required. It must be documented and describe:

  • The process used to identify the hazards and assess risks
  • The risk control measures considered
  • The reasons for adopting or rejecting the control measures

Risks relating to each of the above hazard groups generally require assessment in quite different ways. The hazard should be assessed both separately as well as with other hazards as the interactions may lead to other risks.

Principal Mining Hazards must be assessed individually and also with other hazards in case there is potential for the combination to increase risks. A comprehensive Hazard Management Plan must address all aspects of the associated risks. The investigation and analysis must be specific and appropriate to the hazard with the results documented. The assessment must assign the likelihood and severity of causing harm, preferably before and after controls are implemented.

ASSESSING THE RISK

In assessing risks, the employer and Mine Manager should consider the:

  • Nature of the hazard or risk
  • Likelihood of the hazards or risk causing harm
  • Possible severity of the harm
  • State of knowledge about the hazard or risk and how to eliminate or minimise them.

Other matters that should be considered in assessing risk are:

  • The effect of different operating conditions – normal or abnormal (for example, shut down and start up, weather and possible misuse)
  • Past incidents and potential emergency situations, and
  • Past work activities, current activities and planned activities.

 

 

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